Wendell Castle 1932–2018

Wendell Castle is renowned for elevating craft furniture to fine art through a synthesis of imaginative organic forms, innovative techniques and splendid craftsmanship.

Born in Emporia, Kansas in 1932, Castle was a gifted child who loved to draw. He received his formal training in the arts at the University of Kansas, where he graduated in 1961 with a B.F.A. in Industrial Design and a M.F.A. in Sculpture. In 1962, Castle moved to New York to teach furniture design at the Rochester Institute of Technology’s School for American Craftsmen (SAC). He worked there until 1969 and played a critical role in establishing SAC as one of the preeminent furniture programs in the country.

It was during his sculptural studies at the University of Kansas that Castle’s design vocabulary began to take shape. A creative disagreement with a professor made the artist ponder whether he could make a piece of functional furniture that would be accepted as art. This challenge inspired him to create Stool Sculpture, his first work to blend form and function. Castle entered the piece in a juried art show at the Nelson-Atkins Museum in 1960 without mentioning that it was functional. It was accepted and exhibited as sculpture, establishing a “proof of concept” for Castle’s budding design philosophy. This particular piece of furniture cum art has since been included in six major exhibitions of craft furniture.

While teaching in Rochester in the 1960s, Castle began to develop the stack lamination technique utilized in many of his most famous works. The process of stacking and adhering multiple layers of wood, then refining the mass with a chainsaw and chisel, freed Castle from the limitations of shape and scale in a single block of wood. It allowed him to create large-scale pieces that again reshaped the possibilities of what furniture could be.

In 1967, Castle befriended New York City art dealer and gallery owner Lee Nordness. Nordness, with the financial backing of Samuel Johnson (patriarch of the Johnson Wax Co.), curated a touring exhibition of American craft titled Objects: USA. This seminal 1968 exhibition featured 300+ works—Castle’s among them—and traveled to twenty U.S. cities and ten in Europe. It was the first time a furniture maker occupied the exclusive galleries and showrooms of the New York City art scene, and it helped establish Castle as the leading American maker of craft furniture. Prestigious clients clamored for his designs. Steinway & Sons commissioned five pianos, starting with the opulently designed, commemorative 500,000th Steinway Piano in 1988.

Castle never ceased developing, inventing and inspiring throughout his six decade career. He held several academic appointments including opening his own school, the Wendell Castle School in Scottsville, New York (1980-1988). He also received numerous honors including grants from the National Endowment for the Arts on three separate occasions, the Visionaries of the American Craft Movement by the American Craft Museum (1994), an Outstanding Achievement Award from the National Association of Schools of Arts and Design, Los Angeles (2007) and a Lifetime of Achievement Award from the Brooklyn Museum (also 2007). And today, the art furniture of Wendell Castle can be found in the permanent collections of many prestigious museums including The Museum of Modern Art in New York, The Renwick Gallery of the Smithsonian American Art Museum in Washington D.C. and The Art Institute of Chicago to name only a few.

Wendell Castle consistently confronted the traditional limits of functional design with ingenuity and craftsmanship. Glenn Adamson, former Director of New York’s Museum of Art and Design, puts it simply and directly, “Wendell is the most important postwar American furniture designer by a long shot.”

Auction Results Wendell Castle

WENDELL CASTLE, Unique chair | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Unique chair

estimate: $60,000–80,000
result: $175,000
WENDELL CASTLE, Caligari's Mistress's Desk and Chair | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Caligari's Mistress's Desk and Chair

estimate: $50,000–70,000
result: $50,000
WENDELL CASTLE, Exceptional Ivory Spirit piano and chair | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Exceptional Ivory Spirit piano and chair

estimate: $50,000–70,000
result: $43,750
WENDELL CASTLE, Custom doors for Gannett Co., Inc., Rochester | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Custom doors for Gannett Co., Inc., Rochester

estimate: $20,000–30,000
result: $40,000
WENDELL CASTLE, Wall-hanging mirror | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Wall-hanging mirror

estimate: $12,000–16,000
result: $30,000
WENDELL CASTLE, Dictionary stand | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Dictionary stand

estimate: $15,000–20,000
result: $25,000
WENDELL CASTLE, Adjustable Piano Bench | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Adjustable Piano Bench

estimate: $18,500–22,500
result: $20,000
WENDELL CASTLE, Wizard Cap | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Wizard Cap

estimate: $10,000–15,000
result: $20,000
WENDELL CASTLE, Partner's Desks from Rosecliff, Inc., set of two | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Partner's Desks from Rosecliff, Inc., set of two

estimate: $6,000–8,000
result: $20,000
WENDELL CASTLE, Crescent rocking chair | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Crescent rocking chair

estimate: $10,000–15,000
result: $17,500
WENDELL CASTLE, Crescent Rocker | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Crescent Rocker

estimate: $10,000–15,000
result: $17,500
WENDELL CASTLE, Dog Bed | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Dog Bed

estimate: $4,000–6,000
result: $16,900
WENDELL CASTLE, Star Bright | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Star Bright

estimate: $7,000–9,000
result: $12,500
WENDELL CASTLE, White Lady | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

White Lady

estimate: $9,000–12,000
result: $11,700
WENDELL CASTLE, Sooner or Later dictionary stand | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Sooner or Later dictionary stand

estimate: $10,000–15,000
result: $11,250
WENDELL CASTLE, Bird of Paradise | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Bird of Paradise

estimate: $7,000–9,000
result: $10,400
WENDELL CASTLE, Vargo clock | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Vargo clock

estimate: $2,500–3,500
result: $8,125
WENDELL CASTLE, Cone Table | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Cone Table

estimate: $4,000–6,000
result: $7,500
WENDELL CASTLE, Pair of Karma side tables | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Pair of Karma side tables

estimate: $5,000–7,000
result: $7,500
WENDELL CASTLE, Stool | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Stool

estimate: $6,000–9,000
result: $7,500
WENDELL CASTLE, Six-Drawer Cabinet/Painting | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Six-Drawer Cabinet/Painting

estimate: $7,000–9,000
result: $6,250
WENDELL CASTLE, Whirlaway | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Whirlaway

estimate: $6,000–9,000
result: $6,250
WENDELL CASTLE, There Must Be a Reason | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

There Must Be a Reason

estimate: $6,000–9,000
result: $6,175
WENDELL CASTLE, Table Lamp I | ragoarts.com

Wendell Castle

Table Lamp I

estimate: $4,500–5,500
result: $5,938